Adult bed bugs are usually reddish-brown to brown. They usually mature to 3/16 to 1/5 inches. Adult bed bugs have tiny, thick, and non-functional wing pads. They are flat and oval shaped. Their flattened form makes them ease through crevices or cracks with no trouble which is how they hide themselves during the day. When they feed, their form swells, elongates, and they change into a dark red colour. They suck blood through their piercing beaks or mouths.
Nymphs or newly hatched bed bugs are near enough colourless, but they have the same features as adults. They will develop into the same colour as an adult bed bug as they mature. The eggs are white in colour and 1/32 inch in length.
Bedbug treatments do not kill bedbugs instantly. It takes time!
Our Part: We will spray a special bedbug insecticide as stated in the bed bug practice code handbook. We can either treat the entire residence (excluding kitchen) or just rooms. Treatment areas include bed, draws, power points, behind pictures, carpet and edges, floor boards, behind electrical equipment and anywhere else deemed necessary.
Your Part Before the Bedbug Treatment: Wash all items in wardrobes and cupboards in hot water and eucalyptus oil. Place in a hot dryer. If you cannot place in a hot dryer, FREEZE THE CLOTHES. Place in plastic bags and wear your clothes in and out of the plastic bags for the next 6 weeks. We understand that this is difficult, but 6 weeks is a good indicator if the little bed bugs are gone. Second treatments maybe be required but not before 4-6 weeks. This enables any live bed bugs and eggs that have hatched to come across the insecticide.
After the Bed Bug Treatment: Bed bugs will decrease over the next 6 weeks, expect a 50% reduction in the first week. You may still see and get bitten over the next few weeks, but that will decrease. If after 6 weeks you are still getting bitten or seeing bed bedbugs a second treatment may be required and will be an extra charge.
We use a chemical application to all affected areas; this may be done to one room or the entire house, just depending on the level of infestation.
If more than one room is affected we would recommend that you treat the entire house.
The areas treated will include:
- Bed – slats, bed frame or ensemble
- Power points
- Behind pictures
- Carpet and edges
- Floor boards
- Behind electrical equipment
- Anywhere deemed necessary
Protecting Your Home:
- Make sure any travellers, who are coming over to stay, literally strip at the door; their clothes go straight to the wash.
- Keep luggage bags outside.
- Store shoes in garbage bags and lightly spray with Mortein or Baygon, or any other similar insecticide from the shop.
- Do not buy second hand mattresses
- Have you been in someone’s bed that has bed bugs?
- If your home has a bed bug infestation, please do not risk spreading it by taking clothes, suitcases or furniture to hotels or the homes of your friends and families.
- Practice good sanitation, regular cleaning & reduce clutter
How Does the Bedbug Treatment Work?
For the bedbugs to die they need to meet the chemical application, which when they have done so can take up to 10-12 hours to die.
As bedbugs are nocturnal which means they sleep during the day and are awake at night, it can take time for them to come across the chemical application.
Heat Treatments – Why They Are Not Recommended.
For heat or steam to be effective against bedbugs the temperature needs to be between 65-75 degrees for a sustained period. Apart from the risk of fire, burns from the heat and steam areas such as cracks and crevices may not penetrate the heat, deeming the process inadequate.
Heat and steam can also damage furniture and has the potential of causing mould from the moisture left behind after steaming.
How Does Freezing Kill Bedbugs?
Any item for freezing should be placed loosely into a bag, and as always, this must be done in the infested room prior to removal.
The amount of time in the freezer would be dependent on the size of the item; the larger the item, the longer in the freezer.
If the freezer is operating at or around -200C, then two hours at this temperature will kill all stages.
However, for the average household freezer, studies indicate that 10 hours will be required.
Dense items may take several days for the centre to cool sufficiently to kill the bugs and the longer an item is kept frozen, the more likely the bugs will be destroyed.
Naylor and Boase suggest that 10 hours of freezing is required per 2.5kg of dry weight of laundry.
Preparing for A Bedbug Treatment
Before you begin to treat for bed bugs, Sydney’s Best Pest Control recommends:
- Wash all clothes, shoes, bags, etc, in wardrobes, cupboards in hot water and eucalyptus oil.
- Place in a hot dryer. If you cannot place in a hot dryer, FREEZE THE CLOTHES
- Place in plastic bags and wear your clothes in and out of the plastic bags for the next 6 weeks. We understand that this is difficult, but 6 weeks is a good indicator if the little bed bugs are gone.
- Second treatments maybe be required but not before 4-6 weeks. This enables any live bed bugs and eggs that have hatched to come across the insecticide.
We believe any further treatments within the first 3 weeks to be too soon as the insecticide application is still present.
Note: If you intend on taking your clothing to the dry cleaner you do need to make them aware that you have a bedbug issue at your property so they can keep your clothing away from other customer’s clothes. Bedbugs can spread via clothing.
Disposal of Furniture:
There is no need to throw away your furniture. All furniture can be treated successfully.
By throwing away bedbug infested furniture you are in fact creating a greater hazard for those around you.
What to Expect After a Bedbug Pest Control Treatment
Bed bugs will decrease over the next 6 weeks.
You can expect a 50% reduction in the 1st week and this will continue to decrease over the next few weeks. It is quite normal to still see and get bitten by bedbugs during this time and if after 6 weeks you are still getting bitten or seeing bed bugs this is the indication that the follow up treatment is required.
If you are not getting bitten, but you feel, see or think there are bed bugs, give us a call to discuss.
If you have not prepared as per above instructions, chances of second treatments will be much higher.
How Long Is the Warranty?
Sydney’s Best Pest Control does not offer a warranty with bedbugs as it is a pest that is introduced into the home and does not occur naturally.
How Can I Prevent Bedbugs?
- Don’t take mattresses or padded furniture that has been left at the curb or on the street.
- Check your bed sheets for blood spots.
- Keep your suitcases covered in plastic and off the floor when you travel.
- When you travel, take a small flashlight to help you look for bed bugs.
- When you return from a trip, wash all your clothes – even those that have not been worn – in hot water to ensure that any bed bugs that may have made it that far are not placed into your drawers/closet.
The Life Cycle of Bed Bugs
In the adult life of a female bed bug, it can lay up to twelve eggs in a day. Their preferred nesting grounds are rough surfaces and crevices or cracks. They stick to these surfaces due to an adhesive deposited by the female with the egg. It takes six to seventeen days before the egg hatches. When nymphs hatch, they instantly begin feeding as they need a meal of blood in order to shed. Initially after the fifth moult, they have already reached the peak of their maturity. Therefore, the period of growth depends on the food and temperature. However, nymphs and adult bed bugs can live up to several months without feeding. A typical life span of an adult bed bug is twelve to eighteen months. In a year, there will be at least three generations of bed bugs spawned.
Bed bug information about their hiding places can be quite helpful in treating the infestation. Their dark hiding places are usually small cracks and crevices where they can fit themselves into. More often than not, they choose hiding-spots near their feeding grounds or where their host usually sleeps. They prefer wood, paper, and fabric surfaces which are why you can usually see them in seams, tufts, and the folds of mattresses. When they spawn enough, their dwelling grounds will expand to the crevices of the bedstead and places under the bed. You can also see them in various places in the house, not just in the bedroom.
Bed Bug Bites
A bed bug bite is painless. However, the salivary fluid causes irritation and inflammation of the area. The inflammation differs depending on the sensitivity of the skin. A white welt, which is typically swollen, hard and small, forms at the site where a host is bitten. It will be itchy for a couple of days and scratching will cause the marks to be infected. There is no significant blood loss that can adversely affect a host. It is common to see a row of welts in the skin which is a distinct to bed bugs. In spite of their seemingly harmless bites, bed bug information exposes them as carriers of diseases. People with a bed bug infestation in their homes are stressed, anxious, and they have difficulty sleeping at night.
Tell-Tale Signs of a Bed Bug Infestation
To administer effective bed bug treatments, you need to determine how severe the infestation is. Tell-tale signs can be seen when you have a bed bug infestation in your home. Blood stains, dark excrement, faecal matter, eggshells, and skins can be discovered in their hiding places, mattresses, bedding, and even walls. A musty, offensive odour can be detected in the room if the bed bug infestation is severe. This odour comes from their scent glands.